Monday, September 26, 2011

Agarwood ( Gaharu ) Cultivation, One Tree make money tens of Millions.

The high price of Agarwood tree sap and is currently making many farmers became interested Kotabaru to develop and cultivate the tree aloes. Besides having a high economic price, aloe can also be grown in tropical forest areas. Development of aloe is currently not known too many people. Only certain people are already developed and planted this tree. In fact, the benefits of aloe business can change the level of welfare of citizens in just a few years.
Besides being able to grow in the forest, tree aloes can also grow in the courtyard of the citizens. Because it is in fact the citizens have many opportunities to plant trees that produce this fragrant sap. The amount of sap produced from the 
Agarwood tree depending on the time of planting and harvesting trees. For example, for planting over the age of 9 to 10 years, each tree can produce about 2 pounds of gum aloes.
While the price of aloe sap-20 reached Rp 5 million per kilogram. Price is depending on the type and quality of aloe sap. For gum aloes that have low quality and yellow sold 5 million per kg, while for tree sap black gaharu berwarga or with good quality sold Rp15-20 million per Kg.
One farmer who has developed Kotabaru aloe is Miran, village residents Langkang, East Sea Island District. According to him, to plant aloe sap and produces a lot of special care is needed.

When aloe was about 5-8 years, trees that grow like trees of natural forests that need to be injected with drugs pemuncul sap. Each tree takes one ampoule at a price of 300 thousand. Miran admitted, he had sold about 50 of the aloe tree is still about 1-3 years old with a value of Rp19 million. He has also planted 500 tree aloes with age one year and about 50 cm high.
Because it has properties that do not grow much different from other forest plants, each hectare of land can be planted about 500 tree aloe with a spacing of about 3-4 times 6 meters.
Aloes tree seeds he obtained from Samarinda, East Kalimantan, which previously developed from East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). Prices of seeds from Rp7.500 to 10,000 per tree.

For the marketing does not have to bother, because many buyers who are ready to come to those who have gum aloes. Employers transport was also hoping that he pioneered efforts to follow the community and other farmers in Kotabaru. Moreover, when considering there are still many unused land is left derelict redundant.
"If the land idle in our region developed with the planting of aloes, then 10-15 years later will generate hundreds of millions of money," said Miran. Previously, Miran've tried a few garden plants, but the results do not like planting a tree aloes. In one adult tree can produce tens of millions of dollars,
In addition to Miran many other farmers in the village of Betung, Langkang Old, New Langkang, Mount Ulin and Sebelimbingan which began to develop a common timber for the material taken sap oil and ingredients such medicines.

Sunday, August 29, 2010

Mindi Tree

Mindi tree (Melia azedarach L.) is a fast growing tree species in tropical evergreen and shed leaves during winter, like a light, somewhat drought resistant, somewhat tolerant of salinity and infertile soil below freezing point. At the age of 10 years can reach 8 feet tall branches and diameter of +/- 40 cm.

Tree reaching 45 m high, tall branches 80-20 m, diameter up to 60 cm. 

Canopy resembles an umbrella, branching wide, sometimes leaf drop.

Trunk cylindrical, straight, no buttress roots, bark gray-brown, grooved to form lines and scales. On young trees have smooth skin and has lenticels; wood pale white pig; reddish brown wooden porch.

Double compound leaves odd pinnate, leaf kids round or oval eggs, gear leaf blade edge. Panicle compound interest, in the armpit leaves, panicles 10-22 cm long, color purple, androgynous (bisexual) or male flowers and female flowers on the same tree.

Fruits round or oblong, not opening, the size of 2-4 cm x 1-2 cm, the outer skin is thin, smooth, dry skin wrinkles in the leather hard, young green fruit, ripe yellow fruit, the fruit generally have a 4-5 seed. Seeds 3.5 x 1.6 mm small, oval, smooth, brown, black dry beans.

Distribution and place grow

Mindi tree has a natural distribution in India and Burma, widely planted in tropical and subtropical regions, in Indoanesia widely planted in the Sumatra region, Java, Nusa Tenggara and Papua.

Mindi plants grown in the lowlands to highlands, altitude 0-1200 m above sea level, with an average rainfall per annum 600-2000 mm, can grow on any type of soil. drainase thrives on good soil, soil yag deep, sandy clay, tolerant of shallow soil, salty and alkaline soil.


Mindi plants flowering and fruiting season has different between places with one another.

Flowering plants in West Java in the months of March through May, in East Java, between the months of June through November. In West Nusa Tenggara in the month of September and June.Fruit ripe in the month of June, August, November and December.
Extraction was done by soaking seeds in water for 1 fruitup to two days, then cleaned and dried beans in the shade. Amountdry beans per kilogram + / - 3000 points.
Seed storage performed by inserting a seed into a tightly closed container, stored in a cold room (temperature 3-5 ° C) germination of 80% for one year and down 20% after five years.

Mindi is a generative breeding (using bean), to remove the seed coat dormancy which can inhibit the germination was carried out byremoving skin from fruit or in other ways by soaking seeds in water temperature 80 ° C for 30 minutes. 
Sowing seeds in the hotbed that is not doneclosed.
Seeds thinly covered soil or leaf litter. 

After the seedling reaches a height of 2-4cm can be moved to 200-300 ml size plastic bag containing the soil layertop(top-soil).
Seeds kept in the nursery until the height reached 20-30 cm.
Seedlings ready for planting at the age of 4 months to 6 months. Where will useseeds in the form of stumps, made by cutting the stem and taproot,each measuring 20 cm and root collar diameter should be between 11-25 cm.

Vegetatively propagated plants can be done by making cuttings stem. Giving the hormone indole butiric acid (IBA) with a dose of 50 ppm at Mindi cuttings can enhance its success.


Planting in the field should be done after the net open area, hoeto a depth of 30 cm. Limited planting root neck. Opened from the seedlingsplace, there can be no roots folded. Mindi plant spacing can be 2 m x 2 mor 2 m x 3 m.


Plant maintenance in the form of fertilizer needs to be done. Weeding weedsperformed several times in the first and second. Thinning performed after 3-year-old plants with leaves 400 stems per hectare, then at the age of 6 years crop thinning done again until the number of trees per hectare to 200 bars.

Sunday, August 22, 2010

SEO Learning

Several months later, I kept busy updating my blog which contains about logging and planting of trees in Indonesia. 

To be able to see my blog that you can click here. 

There was also discussion about SEO and the end result in the SERP in search engines in few big sites like Google, Yahoo, Bing, Ask and MSN already proven to survive on the first SERP in a few moments ago.

You can do it step by step in order to become the first sequence on the first page in search engines.

Discussion about these things you can see on on page SEO.

We can discuss about SEO and many others, especially about the logging and planting trees to maintain the ecosystem balance. 

Good luck

Thursday, April 8, 2010

Wood superiority jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba)

Wood need for global market in the year 2001 experiences world deficit more increase temporary sharp at the time of concurrent happens forest area stricture process.

Fact open wide market for any individual has done investment in the field of this wood.
Tropical forest area experiences damage enough mortally. Hewing without balanced with serious regeneration efforts has been been the root cause this problem.

Forest damage at tropical area increases earth temperature and attenuate it earth oxygen degree. Fact come along to push International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) to join in to determine tropical wood trade future.
ITTO's organization has announced some steps to protect tropical forests has carried out has begininged year 2002. Approach century coming, ITTO use condition that tropical woods may not be exported except wood be been cultivated result.

Therefore very need wood cultivation program commercially to has produced certifiable wood with higher value.

Compareding with other wood kinds, Wood jabon be wood kind the growth very fasShow allt, silinders and straight, Yellowness white coloured the wood without is seen fiber, Very good used for wood industrial.

Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba) superiority has some superiorities at compare with another jungle wood plants. Besides power grow it very fast, Also tall, Cylinder stick and branch exist in growth time fall of by itself when does tree meninggi. This character beneficials because doesn't need barbering. White coloured the wood rather yellowness without is seen fiber very good has used for plywood maker, Furniture, Also timber, Jabon's plants have finished optimal revolve 12 year but in age 6 - 8 year can at fell ( วพ 30 up).

Monday, March 22, 2010

Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria)

Forest cultivation Albasia

Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) or Albasia Falcatta or Sengon laut (Javanese languange) is a plant which is being developed on a large scale in Indonesia today.

My knowledge of these plants are not native plants from Indonesia, but from other countries and therefore supported the climate, weather and environment in accordance with Albasia then finally developed for the needs of the forestry industry in Indonesia.

 At present the forestry industry is in trouble raw materials because of pressure from international society about global warming which Indonesia is one of the lungs of the world, while the if the Forestry Industry in Indonesia remains using raw materials from natural wood certainly would not have lasted long because as meranti, merbau, teak requires age or tens or even hundreds of years for a decent used as raw material forestry industry, which currently number fewer and limited.

It is also likely to make the fate of Indonesia's forestry industry currently is on the verge of destruction, which have sought a way out for solving this problem.

One alternative is Albasia or Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) which has the power to grow rapidly and only a short harvesting age of 5-7 years depending on local environmental conditions 
With the harvest age relatively quickly so many people who would benefit the land owners, farmers, seller and forestry industry, which in turn will also help overcome the problem of global warming towards a better world.

Many buyers are also asking for a product from Paraserianthes falcataria, to be processed into plywood, wood core, block board, fancy boards, melamine boards and laminated boards.

Piles of logs ready for loading

Albasia - Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) Cultivated

Albasia cultivated

Location: West Borneo

Penjulung - Puringan - telukkramat - Sambas

Planted in 2003

Yield per hectare is 438-440 m3

Spacing of 1 x 1 m


1. Spacing that is too tight causing slow growth.

2. No trench that cut through the garden, so prone to fire and the tree is less able to water supply.

3. Not good quality seed

4. Lack of direction means the planting of related institutions.